Allergy Treatments in Charlotte NC & Rock Hill SC
Allergies are a very common problem, affecting at least two out of every 10 Americans. Allergies are caused by an abnormal response of the immune system to harmless substances in our environment such as pollen, mold, and animal dander. These substances are called allergens. There are different categories of allergies including, inhalant allergies, food allergies and contact allergies. Inhalant allergies can be divided further into two categories; seasonal and perennial (year round) allergies. Seasonal allergies result from allergies to grass, weed, tree pollen, or some molds. Year round allergies result from allergies to cat and dog dander, dust, mold and cockroaches.
Allergies can affect the ear, nose, throat, airway and skin resulting in numerous symptoms. Allergy symptoms include watery, itchy eyes, sneezing, nasal congestion, nasal itching, runny nose, throat itching, wheezing, and skin rashes and itching. Allergies may also trigger other symptoms by causing other disorders like ear infections and sinusitis.
At Carolina Sinus Center, a patient can expect to undergo allergy testing in addition to a thorough clinical evaluation, including complete medical and family history, as allergies tend to have a genetic component. Skin Allergy testing is often recommended and performed in the office, where a small amount of several allergens are tested on the patient’s skin. Results are available immediately after the test is completed. Serum allergy testing is sometimes recommended as well. Nasal endoscopy and a CT scan may also be obtained, to complete a thorough work up of patients suffering from allergies.
There are several treatment options for allergies including avoidance of the offending allergens, medications, and immunotherapy. After testing, we thoroughly discuss your results and help you identify triggers from your environment and meals. We suggest removing triggers from the environment when possible. Medical therapy for allergies may be suggested and typically involves the use of nasal and oral antihistamines, nasal steroid spray and other useful medications. Depending on the duration and severity of your symptoms immunotherapy may also be suggested. There are two forms of immunotherapy currently used to change the allergic individual’s immune response and control symptoms. These are shots (injection immunotherapy) and oral drops (sublingual immunotherapy.)